The Rise of the College Educated Farmer

//The Rise of the College Educated Farmer

The Rise of the College Educated Farmer


Young farmers on an educational farm tour.

On Monday, this N.Y. Times article brought attention to an emerging trend: young college graduates are seeking a connection with the land, and many of them dream of becoming professional farmers. For most of these students, this is not a ‘reconnection’ with the soil; getting their hands dirty will be a first-time experience, something new and unexplored. After a half a century of suburban living, an entire generation (or even two?) has become fully disconnected from agriculture. Strip malls and Jersey walls have barricaded millions from the story of America’s family farms, and the resurgent opportunities these farms present as a career choice.

How do you acquire the skills to drill into concrete, install automatic watering troughs and become educated about the drinking habits of 1500 pound cattle… all in one morning? Better come ready to learn.

Now, a new generation appears to be turning their backs on the concrete and steel landscape of the 20th century. They are embracing a future of dirt, physical toil, impossibly long hours and ⎯ in all likelihood ⎯ modest pay. Perhaps most noteworthy of all, many of these young people have spent four years in college pursuing degrees that were intended to elevate them to a realm of intellectual pursuits, not manual labor. A college degree has historically been a passport for higher wages, positions in management, and the eventual prestige of the fabled corner office on the 40th floor. Now that sheepskins are being traded for… well… sheep, it begs the question: what in the world is going on here?

I can certainly empathize. Sixteen years ago, I came home from college, laced up a pair of work boots, and have been farming ever since. I was a double major at a respected university, and the world was supposed to be my oyster. But instead of polishing my resume and arranging interviews in the city like my friends, farming spoke to me so clearly that I felt little choice but to answer the call. My degrees gathered dust as my fingernails gathered dirt.

Beyond college, education must continue. We offer a year-long apprenticeship on our farm, and graduate two new farmers each year. Details on our homepage.

My parents were nervous. My grandparents were disappointed. My friends good-naturedly assumed farming was a temporary experiment. After all, in 1996 ‘grass-fed-free-range-organic food’ was far from trendy. All I really knew is that I wanted to raise livestock, repair barns and fences, and use my body for something more than typing. Years later, the rewards of farming have exceeded all my dreams.

In hindsight, a college degree was instrumental for my own modest successes on the farm. To me, college is intended to do one thing: train graduates to become effective problem solvers. Sure, we can specialize in Biology or Theatre or Foreign Policy. But the common denominator is that, over the course of four years, college throws a ton of mental choices at its students. How will they budget their study time? How will they get that term paper finished, while they’re supposed to be reading The Sound and the Fury? Can they make it to their friend’s Sunday night party, while still waking up for an exam at 8 o’clock on Monday morning?

Learning about compost from experienced farmers.

Of course, I understand that these examples might sound a bit juvenile, or even silly. But stick with me. As humans, we are constantly learning, improving, problem solving. When I came back to the farm, I knew next to nothing about agriculture. I had no roadmap, no guidebook, and certainly hadn’t taken a three-credit college course that taught everything I needed to know. In certain ways, the information I learned in college was useless to me in my daily farming operations.

But it was the intellectual training I received in college, the rigorous daily challenge of forcing my brain to make logical, thoughtful choices, that I now find invaluable. I was never a particularly good student, but I always showed up for class, turned in my assignments on time, and read everything I was supposed to. After four years, I could simultaneously process new information, budget my time, and live a fun, rewarding life. In short, college trained me to become competent at daily, non-stop problem solving. I can’t overstate how useful this is for daily farm life.

There’s no substitute for just getting out there and doing it. Our bodies were meant to do this kind of work. It feeds the soul, as well as the chickens :^)

Who wouldn’t want our farmers to be college educated, even if their degree is not specifically in agriculture? A broad education can only help the next generation, as a career farming comes with a never-ending stream of information that must be processed. Without college, could I have eventually adopted these skills on my own? It’s entirely possible. But I know for a fact that I didn’t have these abilities coming out of high school. Ironically, it might have been college’s intellectual training that ultimately gave me the tools to appreciate a life of physical toil.

Much like there was for me, there will probably be plenty of doubters out there expecting these ‘college kids’ to fail at farming. A friend sent me this article, a snarky, shoot-from-the-hip analysis that seems to miss the greater point. Successful farming requires intellectual firepower, and lots of it. Just like anything else in life, nobody wakes up one day and becomes a great farmer, not even those born into a life of agriculture. For a new generation⎯ a generation with no farming experience at all ⎯ what better way to begin than by having a courageous spirit, a strong back, and a mind that’s been programmed to problem solve?

To paraphrase The Who, the kids are going to be alright.

Check out my books!

Gaining Ground Growing Tomorrow Start Your Farm


By | 2018-08-04T09:52:16-04:00 September 26th, 2012|Farm|15 Comments

About the Author:

Forrest Pritchard is a full-time sustainable farmer and New York Times bestselling author, holding a BA in English and a BS in Geology from William & Mary. Smith Meadows, his farm, was one of the first “grass finished” operations in the country, and has sold at leading farmers’ markets in the Washington DC area for two decades. Pritchard's books have received starred reviews from The Washington Post, Publishers Weekly, Library Journal, NPR, and more.


  1. Frank Gazdzicki September 26, 2012 at 5:14 pm - Reply

    I am so happy to see young kids interested in farming; Ive seen too many of my friends leave farming, and friends losing their farms over the years. KEEP UP THE GOOD WORK !!!!!

  2. Sherene September 27, 2012 at 4:13 am - Reply

    Been my daughters plan since she was three. She even has a savings account for her future farm.

  3. Big Onion September 27, 2012 at 8:05 am - Reply

    (FYI: I’d likely read your memoir, since you seem to be a bit more grounded than most!)

    • Forrest Pritchard September 27, 2012 at 8:10 am


      That’s high praise, and I’ll gladly take it! The book is due out next spring, and I plan to travel to farmers markets around the country next summer on a (mostly self-educating) book tour. Please let me know if there’s a farmers market in your area I should plan to attend.

  4. Keri Foster September 27, 2012 at 8:23 am - Reply

    This article hits right at home. It shocks me daily how nobody notices how quickly the average American life has changed and how farming has all but disappeared from our day-to-day. Thanks for having the bravery to jump into farming, and for writing this essay.

    I’m still using my body for typing right now but I’m dreaming of chicken coops and cornstalks…

    • Forrest Pritchard September 27, 2012 at 11:33 am

      Thanks Keri. And those chickens will be there to lay you some eggs whenever you’re finally ready… as I’m sure you know, getting started is often the hardest part :^)

  5. Bree Abel September 27, 2012 at 2:42 pm - Reply

    Speaking of local farmers markets you should visit on your tour… we’d love to see you at the Old Colorado City farmers market in Colorado Springs, CO!

  6. Mary October 1, 2012 at 8:12 am - Reply

    Thanks so much for stating (to me) the obvious. College isn’t always about becoming a doctor, lawyer or other “high ranking” job.
    I think college is a place to stretch your wings, learn about yourself and to create critical thinking skills. Not everyone needs to go to college but every child should have an opportunity to grow in this way.
    Your blog is right on the mark.

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  8. Lauren January 5, 2013 at 10:50 am - Reply

    I concur with both Mary and Keri (I’ve wanted chickens for a decade!). If you’re up for it, the Waterloo Farmer’s Market and Stockyard could prove a good audience – the Mennonites are leaving after being treated like a tourist attraction for too long and a generation raised on real, local food is wondering where to turn.

  9. ms.garcia January 12, 2014 at 9:06 pm - Reply

    I’m an 18 year old senior with a great gpa, sat score, and have had several club leadership positions, but even as I get accepted to the colleges of my choice I find myself wondering if a degree in agriculture is really necessary. Why can’t I just spend the next 4+ years apprenticing and interning for succesful CSAs that are running the business of my dreams? I feel like I’ll be wasting time and money in college when I could be getting hands on experience right away, and the reasons I’m getting aren’t good enough because no one I ask has the life I want. I want to be a farmer, and I don’t want debt, or a lot of money, I just want to care for food and animals, and give my friends and family good wholesome food. I dont care for vacations, I care for routine and the authority to give myself tea time anyday, not chew my nails for the next christmas break. Sorry fir the long comment, I just really need input from a person who makes sense to me. I need a good reason for going or not going to college.

    • Forrest Pritchard January 14, 2014 at 9:41 am

      Hi Ms. Garcia,

      If you attend college with the intention to genuinely learn and study, then you’ll never regret it. A rigorous academic experience will challenge you intellectually, giving you the building blocks to solve problems and think creatively, very valuable skills for farming. It’s also a great opportunity to meet lots of other smart people who will be your peers and friends for a lifetime, giving you important connections outside the realm of agriculture.

      You have the rest of your life to be a farmer, but the skills and life experiences you’ll receive from a well-rounded education will be an investment that will forever reward you. My advice is get a college degree while you can, THEN apprentice on a farm.

  10. Dan April 18, 2014 at 12:28 am - Reply

    Forrest you just made my decision to stay in college a lot easier. Thank you

  11. witalis July 11, 2014 at 1:29 pm - Reply

    I want to get into farming. I Have a Bachelor’s degree in Political Science, and Associate’s in Business and now I started looking towards farming as soon as I started working at an office full time. So i found out that I can get a Master’s in just about a year. So now, I am looking at getting a degree in agriculture in order to get in an agricultural mindset and help me learn at least a little about farming. My only problem is that there are so many program options out there that I just don’t know what kind of program to even look at.
    I have no experience in agriculture, only a little gardening here and there, I am at a complete loss… I want to be outside, working toward something tangible and visible, I love the earth and animals. I will get into this sooner or later, somehow, but I could use a little guidance as to a starting point, as to make my ride a little smoother.
    Any advice or suggestion would be tremendously helpful.

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